HISTORY-421. American Cultural and Social History
An examination of differences and divisions within American society through such topics as social movements, demographic trends, gender, ethnicity and class, effect of industrialization and immigration, cultural expressions, religion, and the family.
HISTORY-424. American Economic History
A survey of the evolution of the American economy from colonial dependency to modern industrial maturity. Emphasis will be placed upon the development of the United States as an industrial world power since about 1850.
HISTORY-425. Diversity in Pennsylvania History
A study of the history of the Commonwealth with particular focus on ethnic and racial diversity.
HISTORY-428. History of the Foreign Policy of the United States
A selective treatment of major themes in American foreign policy from the founding of the Republic to the present.
HISTORY-429. American Women's History
A study of the role, status, and culture of women in America beginning with the First Americans and European contact up to the present time.
HISTORY-431. Colonial America
Discovery, exploration and settlement; development of social, political, religious and intellectual institutions; independence and political reorganization.
HISTORY-432. The New Nation
A study of America's social, cultural, economic and political development in the first generations of nationhood, 1783-1840.
HISTORY-433. Victorian America
A study of the development of the United States from the end of the Civil War through the end of World War I. Special attention will be paid to urbanization and industrialization and their effects on everyday life.
HISTORY-434. The United States, 1900-1945
The emergence of the United States as a world power and the corresponding development of its political, economic, social, and religious institutions.
HISTORY-435. The United States since 1945
An examination of the political, social, and economic changes in the United States since World War II. Special attention is paid to America's dominant role in the immediate postwar world and how changing conditions over the past 40 years have altered this role.
HISTORY-445. History of Northeastern Europe
A study of the cultural, political, and intellectual history of the Poles, Czechs, Slovaks, Croats, Slovenes and Hungarians, who occupy the northern tier of Eastern Europe. Special attention is given to the roles of the Habsburg and Russian empires in shaping the historical destinies of these peoples and to the roots and consequences of the forces of nationalism in the region.
HISTORY-446. History of the Balkans
A study of the cultural, political and intellectual history of the Bulgarians, Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, Albanians, Greeks, Romanians and Turks, who occupy the southern, or Balkan, tier of Eastern Europe. Special attention is given to the roles of the Ottoman Turkish, Habsburg and Russian empires in shaping the historical destinies of these peoples, and to the roots and consequences in the region of such forces as Christian-Muslim cultural interrelationships and nationalism.
HISTORY-448. History of Russia
A study of the political, social, and intellectual history of Russia. Emphasis is placed upon the emergence of Russia as a major power after 1700.
HISTORY-452. The Renaissance and Reformation
Within the political and economic framework of the period, study will be made of the culture of the Renaissance, the religious reform and conflicts resulting from the crisis in the sixteenth century.
HISTORY-453. Age of Absolutism
The political, social, economic, intellectual, and cultural development of Europe and dependencies from 1600 to ca. 1750.
HISTORY-454. The Era of the French Revolution and Napoleon
A study of the structure of the Ancient Regime and an examination of the causes, events, and consequences of the French Revolution culminating in the Napoleonic Empire.
HISTORY-455. Europe in the Nineteenth Century
A study of the political, social, and cultural development of Europe from the Congress of Vienna to World War I.
HISTORY-456. World War I and Versailles Europe
Examination of the international causes of World War I, the Treaty of Versailles, and the new Europe that resulted, leading to the outbreak of World War II in 1939.
HISTORY-457. The World Since 1945
This course examines many important events and developments in the modern world since 1945. It considers incidents of largely historical significance, such as the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union, and those of continuing relevance, like the globalization and privatization of the economy.
HISTORY-476. World War II
Consideration of the causes of the war, military strategy and tactics, diplomatic interests of the participants, and resulting Cold War problems.
One to three creditsPresentations and discussions of selected topics. (May be repeated for credit) Prerequisite: Approval of the instructor is required.
Special topics in history. This course will be offered from time to time when interest and demand justify it.