Mr. Mohammad Reza Salamat
Senior Program Officer, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Mohammad Reza Salamat, who joined the United Nations, Division for Sustainable Development in the Department for Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), in January 2002 as an expert on climate change issues, is a sustainable development diplomat by training and has vast experience in international negotiations on multilateral environmental conventions and sustainable development issues. He has a BA Degree and a MA Degree in “International Relations” with a focus on “international environmental matters.” Acting as a chief Iranian negotiator, and sometimes as a spokesperson for Group of 77 (group of developing countries) during 1993-2001, he played a key role in international negotiations on a number of environmental conventions and in shaping these legal instruments, including UN Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol, Convention on Biological diversity and its Biosafety Protocol, UN Convention to Combat Desertification, Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, and Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). He chaired or co-chaired many working groups under these conventions' bodies. Mr. Salamat was also a key negotiator for G-77 in the annual sessions of the Commission on Sustainable Development.
Mr. Salamat also co-chaired the Ad-Hoc Intergovernmental Group of Experts on Energy and Sustainable Development during 2000-2001 in preparation for the Ninth Session of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) in New York. The successful conclusion of the key energy issues at CSD-9 was highly attributed by Member States to the excellent diplomatic skills and consensus-building capabilities with which Mr. Salamat and his Co-chairperson, Ms. Irene Freudenschuels, conducted the negotiations of the Ad-Hoc Group.
Also acting as the spokesperson of Group of 77 during 2001 (when Iran was the Chairman of G-77), he was instrumental in the achievement of consensus and political agreement on the outstanding issues of the Kyoto Protocol during part 2 of the Sixth Session of Conference of the Parties in Bonn (COP-6/Part-II, July 2001) as well as at COP-7 in Marrakech (November 2001). As is widely known, it was this political consensus (Bonn political agreements) that broke the impasse faced by Parties during negotiations in the Hague (COP-6/Part-I, November 2000) on the governing rules of the market-based mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol, and thus saved the embattled Kyoto Protocol in a historic way, which ultimately paved the way for its subsequent ratification by industrial countries.
Mr. Salamat became a member of the Executive Board of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) upon its establishment from November 2001 to October 2002. He also functioned as an alternate member of the Council of the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) during 1998-2002. Mr. Salamat has written various articles on international environmental and sustainable development issues, particularly on climate change.
At the UN/DESA, Mr. Salamat, as a Senior Programme Officer on Sustainable Development, continues to be in charge of climate change and sustainable development issues and CDM. He was the team leader from DESA for the e7/DESA partnership on CDM capacity building. He is also the focal point in DESA for climate change discussions during 14th and 15th sessions of CSD during 2006-2007.