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Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences or IPPEs allow students to have an opportunity to spend time in various practice settings and familiarize themselves with the practice of Pharmacy as a whole. The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) has written guidelines that address the various competencies students should achieve while on their IPPEs.
These competencies are in the following areas:
- Patient safety
- Basic patient assessment
- Medication information
- Identification and assessment of drug related problems
- Mathematics (as it applies to pharmacokinetics, dose calculations, or compounding)
- Ethical, professional, and legal behavior
- General communication abilities
- Counseling patients
- Drug information analysis and literature research
- Public health
- Insurance and prescription drug coverage
The various assignments students are to complete are used as a tool to aid in the achievement of the above competencies in order to best prepare students for both their Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPEs) and practice.
IPPE I: Community Pharmacy
First-year Pharmacy students have their IPPE I at a retail pharmacy setting for 2 weeks (80 hours) the summer following the completion of their first year. This gives an opportunity to broaden their understanding of pharmacy, whether for the first time or in different community pharmacy setting. We strive to assign students to sites that may offer them a different experience than their internships.
IPPE II: Faculty and Prescriber
Second-year students have their IPPE II during the academic year. This IPPE allows students to be assigned to a Wilkes University School of Pharmacy faculty member for one portion of their IPPE (20 hours) and to a prescriber (MD, DO, PA, etc) for the other half of the IPPE (20 hours). This is a great experience for the students in terms of inter-professional education and helps to mold their ability to work on a health-care team. During this IPPE students see and participate in many aspects of practice they can bring back and apply to their didactic learning. This allows students to have a well-rounded experience to prepare them for a career in pharmacy.
IPPE III: Institutional (Hospital) Pharmacy
At the conclusion of the P2 year, students complete a two-week (80 hours) rotation in a health-system/hospital pharmacy setting. This introduction to pharmacy practice in the institutional setting is the next progression in the IPPE sequence, and contains assignments unique to this setting as well as ones to build upon the growing knowledge and skill base of our students.
IPPE IV: Visiting Nurse Association
Third-year students have their IPPE IV at the Visiting Nurse Association (VNA). This IPPE allows the students to become involved with patients on visits with the nurses, participate in chart verification, and get a first hand observation of the hospice setting. Students work closely with fourth year APPE students who serve as mentors. Students spend 20 hours at this experiential site.
Portions of this course are applied to the overall IPPE hours requirement, as applicable. P4 students will each follow a patient or patients over an extended period of time in a medical or home setting. Pharmaceutical knowledge and skills will be applied in communications, health assessment, monitoring or pharmacotherapy, evaluation of both humanistic and clinical outcomes. Issues of health care, cost access, and quality as revealed through each patient’s interaction with health and pharmaceutical care systems will be addressed.
Over the course of P1-P3 years, students will identify opportunities for service which is related to the profession and practice of pharmacy. This experience consists of 3 components: participation in and development of service-learning projects, reflection, and self-directed learning. Students may develop their own experiences or participate in opportunities offered by the School or professional organizations. In a progressive fashion, a total of at least 20 hours must be documented by the end of the P3 year.