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Minor in Secondary Education

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Wilkes University Education Department Secondary Education Program Guide

The Wilkes University Department of Education offers programs leading to Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) secondary (grades 7 – 12) certification in the following areas: biology, chemistry, earth and space sciences, English, general science, mathematics, social studies, and also Spanish (a K-12 certification). 

Admission to Wilkes University is only the first step in gaining acceptance into the Teacher Education Program (TEP). Requirements for admission to the TEP are in compliance with PDE mandates.

The Secondary Education Program Sequence of Studies outlines course prerequisites and requirements. Students should also refer to the University Bulletin and PDE’s site: http://www.pde.state.pa.us for specific requirements.

 
Majors Leading to Certification Areas: Mastering Knowledge of the Content 
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Earth and Environmental Sciences (General Science or Earth and Space Sciences Certification)
  • English
  • History (Social Studies Certification)
  • Mathematics
  • Political Science (Social Studies Certification)
  • Spanish (K – 12 certification)


By adding the required courses, Dual Certification in Special Education (7 – 12) or the ESL Specialist designation (K- 12) is possible with any of these programs.

Directives for Gaining Admission to the Teacher Education Program to Pursue Secondary Certification
  • Schedule Meeting with Coordinator of the Secondary Education Program: Students should plan to meet with the Education Department Coordinator of the Secondary Education Program as early as possible in their matriculation at Wilkes to ensure completion of the certification program within four years. At that meeting, students will receive an information packet about their program of study in the major and minor that will lead to certification.

  • Study Major and Declare Minor: Students should begin their studies in an academic major related to certification and declare Secondary Education as a minor.
     
  • Fulfill English and Mathematics Requirements: As required by the PDE, within the first 48 credit hours students should complete the following courses: English - 7 credits to include: ENG 101 Composition and ENG 120 Introduction to Literature and Culture and Mathematics - 6 credits.
     
  • Complete ED 180. Earn a 2.5 or higher: There is no required GPA for ED 180. A grade of 2.5 in ED 180, as well as an overall GPA of 2.5, is required to enroll in ED 190 and ED 191.

  • Comply with Placement Requirements and Secure Proper Clearances: A Field Experience Placement Form must be completed when registering for any course with a field experience. Act 34 (State Police), Act 151 (Child Abuse) and Act 114 (Federal Criminal History) clearances must be applied for and submitted to the Coordinator of Field Placements. These clearances must be clear (no record) and current. These clearances remain valid while the student is continuously enrolled at Wilkes.

  • Apply for Admission to Teacher Education Program: During ED 190, students must begin the application process for admission to the Teacher Education Program. To be admitted to the TEP, students must achieve an overall GPA of 3.0 and pass all three PRAXIS I exams.
     
  • Register for and Pass PPST (Pre-Professional Skills Test) also known as PRAXIS I: After successfully completing ED 190, students must pass the PRAXIS I (PPST) examinations in reading, writing, and mathematics and have these scores submitted to the Education Department. Test bulletins may be obtained from the Education Department; test materials are available at http://www.ets.org/praxis. Students may enroll in ED 198, Preparation for PRAXIS I, prior to taking the test. Students must pass the three PRAXIS I exams to register for any 300-level course related to the minor.

  • Achieve Required GPA: Students must earn a minimum of 2.5 in ED 180, ED190, and ED 191 and achieve an overall GPA of 2.85 to enroll in 200 level education courses beyond these three courses. Then, to enter 300 level courses, students must achieve a 3.0 GPA.
     
  • Register for and Pass PRAXIS II: Preferably prior to student teaching and/or at the conclusion of formal studies in the chosen major field, students should take the appropriate PRAXIS II examination. This is required for certification in Pennsylvania. Complete information about registration, test dates, study guides is available at http://www.ets.org/praxis; the Department also provides guidance, resources, and support.

  • Self-Monitor Progress: Students are responsible to monitor their GPA’s each semester; students will be dropped from course(s) if required GPA is not achieved for all Education courses or if all three Praxis I tests are not passed before enrolling in 300 level courses. 
 
The Education Minor

The Education minor consists of the following courses:

  • ED 180 – Educational Psychology (formerly ED 200)
  • ED 190 – Effective Teaching with Field Experience (40 hours of field experience)
    • Students must have a minimum GPA of 2.5, Field Experience Placement Form submitted, and current Act 34, 151, and FBI clearances submitted to the Coordinator of Field Placements before established deadlines to enroll in ED 190.
    • Students must achieve a final grade of 2.5 or higher in ED 190 to proceed to other Education courses.
  • ED 191 – Integrating Technology into the Classroom (formerly ED 215)
    • Students must have a minimum GPA of 2.5 to enroll in ED 191 and have completed or be enrolled in ED 190.
    • Students must achieve a final grade of 2.5 or higher and a cumulative GPA of 2.85 or higher to proceed to 200-level Education courses.
  • EDSP 210 – Teaching Students with Special Needs (formerly ED 210)
    • Students must have a cumulative GPA of 2.85 or higher to enroll in 200-level Education courses
  • ED 220 – Teaching Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Learners (OPO course)
    • Students must have a cumulative GPA of 2.85 or higher to enroll in 200-level Education courses.
  • EDSP 225 – Special Education Methodology I with Field Experience (30 hours of field experience; OPO course)
  • ED 380 – Content Area Literacy (not required for English majors)
    • Students must be admitted to the TEP prior to enrolling in a 300-level course.
  • ED 3XX – Secondary Methods course in the area of the major degree.
    • Students must be admitted to the TEP prior to enrolling in a 300-level course.
    • These methods courses are offered in the fall semester, except MTH 303, which is offered in odd years only.
  • ED 300 – Teaching of Foreign Languages with Field Experience (40 hours)
  • ED 371 – Teaching Methods in Science with Field Experience (40 hours)
  • ED 381 – Teaching Methods in Social Studies with Field Experience (40 hours) ED 390 – Student Teaching with Seminar (12 credits; OPO course)
  • EDSP 388 – Inclusionary Practices (co-requisite: ED 390)
  • ENG 393 – The Teaching of English with Field Experience (40 hours)
  • MTH 303 – The Teaching of Mathematics with Field Experience (40 hours)


Other recommended courses for Secondary Education are:

  • ED 345 – Assessment in Education
  • ED 385 – Classroom Management
  • PSY 222 – Adolescent Psychology (required course for some majors)
  • A foreign language


Candidates must maintain a 2.0 GPA in their secondary major courses and a cumulative 3.0 to remain in the Teacher Education Program.

Certification Requirements

Biology: Students seeking certification should follow the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) curriculum in Biology. The B.A. curriculum offers flexibility so that students seeking secondary certification can include the professional semester of student teaching in the seventh or eighth semester. Students seeking secondary certification in Biology are required to take the following courses:

  • BIO 121 – Principles of Modern Biology I
  • BIO 122 – Principles of Modern Biology II
  • BIO 225 – Population and Evolutionary Biology
  • BIO 226 – Cellular and Molecular Biology
  • BIO 391 – Senior Research Project I
  • BIO 392 – Senior Research Project II
  • BIO 397 – Professional Preparation Techniques
  • CHM 113 – Elements and Compounds Lab
  • CHM 115 – Elements and Compounds
  • CHM 114 – The Chemical Reaction Lab
  • CHM 116 – The Chemical Reaction
  • CHM 231 – Organic Chemistry I
  • CHM 233 – Organic Chemistry I Lab
  • CHM 232 – Organic Chemistry II
  • CHM 234 – Organic Chemistry II Lab
  • MTH 111 – Calculus I
  • MTH 114 – Calculus II
  • PHY 171 – Principles of Classical and Modern Physics
  • PHY 174 – Application of Classical and Modern Physics
  • Major Electives (12 – 16 credits) one from each of the four areas: Molecular/Cellular, Structural/Functional, Diversity/Populational, and Botanical.


In addition, students must take the required Education courses and special methods course (ED 371) followed by student teaching as listed under Secondary Education Requirements.

Chemistry: Students seeking chemistry certification should follow the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) curriculum in Chemistry. The B.A. curriculum offers flexibility so that students seeking secondary certification can include the professional semester of student teaching in the seventh or eighth semester. Students seeking secondary certification in Chemistry are required to take the following courses:

  • CHM 113 – Elements and Compounds Lab
  • CHM 115 – Elements and Compounds
  • CHM 114 – The Chemical Reaction Lab
  • CHM 116 – The Chemical Reaction
  • CHM 231 – Organic Chemistry I
  • CHM 233 – Organic Chemistry I Lab
  • CHM 232 – Organic Chemistry II
  • CHM 234 – Organic Chemistry II Lab
  • CHM 246 – Analytical Chemistry Lab
  • CHM 248 – Analytical Chemistry
  • CHM 322 – Advanced Inorganic Chemistry
  • CHM 341 – Instrumental Methods for Chemical Analysis
  • CHM 343 – Instrumental Methods for Chemical Analysis Lab
  • CHM 355 – Physical Chemistry for Life Science
  • CHM 357 – Physical Chemistry for Life Science Lab
  • CHM 365 – Medical Biochemistry
  • CHM 370/371/372 (two credits total required; each may be take for one or two credits)
  • CHM 390 – Junior Seminar
  • CHM 391 – Senior Research I (OPO)
  • CHM 392 – Senior Research II (OPO)
  • CS 125 – Computer Science I
  • MTH 111 – Calculus I
  • MTH 114 – Calculus II
  • MTH 212 – Multivariable Calculus
  • PHY 201 – General Physics I
  • PHY 202 – General Physics II


Major Electives (six credits required)

In addition, students must take the required Education courses and special methods course (ED 371) followed by student teaching as listed under Secondary Education Requirements.

Earth and Space Science or General Science: Students seeking Earth and Space Science certification should follow the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) curriculum in Earth and Environmental Sciences. This curriculum emphasizes human interactions with the earth and environmental sciences while still requiring an extensive background in the sciences. The B.A. curriculum offers flexibility so that students seeking secondary certification can include the professional semester of student teaching in the seventh or eighth semester. Required science courses for the Earth and Space Science certification include the following:

  • CHM 113 – Elements and Compounds Lab
  • CHM 115 – Elements and Compounds
  • CS Elective
  • EES 210 – Global Climatic Change
  • EES 211 – Physical Geology
  • EES 212 – Historical Geology
  • EES 230 – Ocean Science
  • EES 240 – Principles of Environmental Science
  • EES 251 – Synoptic Meteorology
  • EES 280 – Principles of Astronomy
  • EES 302 – Literature Methods
  • EES 304 – Environmental Data Analysis
  • EES 394 – Field Study
  • EES 391 – Senior Projects I
  • EES 392 – Senior Projects II
  • EES Elective:
    • EES 271Environmental Mapping I or 272 Environmental Mapping II
  • MTH 111- Calculus I
  • MTH 150 – Elementary Statistics
  • PHY 171 – Principles of Classical and Modern Physics
  • PHY 174 – Applications of Classical and Modern Physics


Optional coursework for General Science certification

  • BIO 121 – Principles of Modern Biology I
  • BIO 122 – Principles of Modern Biology II or
  • BIO 225 – Population and Evolutionary Biology
  • CHM 114 – The Chemical Reaction Lab
  • CHM 116 – The Chemical Reaction


In addition, students must take PSY (General Psychology), the required Education courses and special methods course (ED 371) followed by student teaching as listed under Secondary Education Requirements.

English: The B.A. curriculum offers flexibility so that students seeking secondary certification can include the professional semester of student teaching in the seventh or eighth semester. Students seeking secondary certification in English are required to take the following courses:

  • ENG 101 – Composition
  • ENG 120 – Introduction to Literature and Culture
  • ENG 201 – Writing about Literature and Culture
  • ENG 225 – Comparative Grammar
  • ENG 324 – History of the English Language


Three of four survey courses (it is recommended that students seeking certification take all four survey courses):

ENG 233 – Survey of English Literature I

ENG 234 – Survey of English Literature II

ENG 281 – Survey of American Literature I

ENG 282 – Survey of American Literature II

12 credit hours in English courses numbered 300, including ENG 397 – Seminar

Electives must include one course from each of the following: major author studies, genre, period or movement.

In addition, students must take PSY 101 (General Psychology), the required Education courses (with the exception of ED 380 – Content Area Literacy), and the special methods course (ENG 393) followed by student teaching as listed under Secondary Education requirements.


Mathematics:
Students seeking Mathematics certification should follow the Teacher Certification Track and elect to pursue a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree. The curriculum for either offers flexibility so that students seeking secondary certification can include the professional semester of student teaching in the seventh or eighth semester. The requirements for each degree are found in this bulletin under the section for the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science. Students seeking certification in Mathematics must take the following courses:

  • CS 125 – Computer Science I
  • MTH 111 – Calculus I
  • MTH 114 – Calculus II
  • MTH 202 – Set Theory and Logic
  • MTH 212 – Multivariable Calculus
  • MTH 214 – Linear Algebra
  • MTH 311 – Real Analysis
  • MTH 331 – Introduction to Abstract Algebra I
  • MTH 343 – Introduction to Geometry
  • MTH 351 – Probability and Mathematical Statistics I
  • MTH 391 – Senior Seminar
  • Mathematics Electives: nine credits for B.A.; twelve credits for B.S.
  • Science Electives: six credits for B.A.; twelve credits for B.S.


In addition, students must take PSY 101 (General Psychology), the required Education courses and special methods course (MTH 303, offered every other fall semester) followed by student teaching as listed under Secondary Education Requirements.

Social Studies: Students seeking Social Studies certification will major in either History or Political Science. The B.A. curriculum offers flexibility so that students seeking secondary certification can include the professional semester of student teaching in the seventh or eighth semester. Students pursuing a History major and seeking secondary certification in Social Studies are required to take the following courses:

  • HST 102 – Europe Before 1600
  • HST 125 – American History I
  • HST 126 – American History II
  • HST 297 – Historical Research and Methods
  • HST 397 – Seminar
  • History Electives: 15 credits at the 300-level with following distribution: two courses in American topics; two courses in non-American topics; one course any topic.


The following courses are also required of History majors for Social Studies Certification:

  • ANT 101 – Introduction to Anthropology or ANT 102 – Cultural Anthropology
  • EC 101 – Principles of Economics I or EC 102 – Principles of Economics II
  • PS 111 – Introduction to American Politics
  • PS 141 – Introduction to International Politics
  • PSY 101 – General Psychology
  • PSY 221 – Developmental Psychology or PSY 222 – Adolescent Psychology
  • SOC 101 – Introduction to Sociology
  • Mathematics – six credits (MTH 150 – Elementary Statistics—is highly recommended)



In addition, students must take the required Education courses and special methods course (ED 381) followed by student teaching as listed under Secondary Education Requirements.

Students pursuing a Political Science major and seeking secondary certification in Social Studies are required to take the following courses:

  • PS 111 – Introduction to American Politics
  • PS 141 – Introduction to International Politics
  • PS 151 – Governments of the World
  • PS 260 – Introduction to Political Thinking
  • PS 265 – Quantitative Reasoning for the Social Sciences
  • PS 380 – Political Science Senior Project
  • Major Electives: 21 credits (nine credits must be at the 300-level)


The following courses are also required of Political Science majors for Social Studies Certification:

  • ANT 101 – Introduction to Anthropology or ANT 102 – Cultural Anthropology
  • EC 101 – Principles of Economics I or EC 102 – Principles of Economics II
  • HST 125 - American History I
  • HST 126 – American History II
  • PSY 101 – General Psychology
  • PSY 221 – Developmental Psychology or PSY 222 – Adolescent Psychology
  • SOC 101 – Introduction to Sociology
  • Mathematics – six credits (MTH 150 – Elementary Statistics—is highly recommended)


In addition, students must take the required Education courses and special methods course (ED 381) followed by student teaching as listed under Secondary Education Requirements.

Spanish: The B.A. curriculum offers flexibility so that students seeking K-12 certification can include the professional semester of student teaching in the seventh or eighth semester. Students seeking K-12 certification in Spanish must take the following courses:

  • SP 101 – Elementary Spanish I
  • SP 102 – Elementary Spanish II
  • SP 203 – Intermediate Spanish I
  • SP 204 – Intermediate Spanish II
  • SP 205 – Conversation
  • SP 206 – Advanced Grammar, Stylistics, and Composition
  • SP 208 – Culture and Civilization of Spain
  • SP 209 - Cultures and Civilization of Latin America
  • SP 220 - Listening and Comprehension
  • SP 298 - Topics
  • SP 301 – Introduction to Latin American Literature
  • SP 307 – Survey of Spanish Literature I or SP 308 – Survey of Spanish Literature II
  • ANT 102 – Cultural Anthropology
  • PSY 221 – Developmental Psychology


In addition, students must take PSY 101 (General Psychology), the required Education courses and special methods course (ED 300) followed by student teaching as listed under Secondary Education Requirements.

 

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